Indicative target for 2010 reached for NMVOCs, but not for NOx and SO2
emissions from transport have slightly fluctuated in recent years. Road traffic remained the most important source. The emissions from rail decreased by 6 % with respect to 2009 due to more efficient loading and decreased use of diesel trains. An increase in activity led to increased shipping emissions in 2010.
Since 2000 the NOx
emissions from transport have decreased. Due to the higher estimate of freight road traffic, the NOx
emissions from the transport sector were actually higher in 2010 than in 2009, just as the CO2
emissions. Due to the tightening of the environmental standards for vehicles, the NMVOC emissions from transport also decreased considerably in the last ten years. The emissions of particulate matter decreased by roughly half. The proportion of non-exhaust emissions, caused by wear, increased from 17 % in 2000 to 35 % in 2010. A policy is also required for the reduction of this fraction. Successive EU directives limited the sulphur content of fuels and consequently the SO2
emissions. Due to the increased activity of shipping in particular, the SO2
emissions from transport increased by 8 % in 2010. 88 % of the SO2
emissions originated from shipping.
In 2010 the transport sector reached the Flemish indicative target of the MINA plan 3+ (2008-2010) for NMVOCs, but not for NOx
. The exceedance for NOx
in particular is large. An important reason for this is a change in the method of calculation, but the NOx
emissions also decreased more slowly than expected due to the dieselisation of the vehicle fleet and the increasing freight transport. The most important actions that Flanders will take to reduce the emissions are the greening of vehicle taxes and the logistics sector. This should lead to a further reduction in the NOx
emissions of 35 % by 2015, a MINA plan 4 (2011-2015) target. For NMVOCs a further decrease by 54 % is required by 2015. For the first time a target has also been specified for PM2.5 emissions. A reduction by 47 % is needed by 2015.