No decrease in the industrial energy consumption
In 2011 at almost 44 %, industry was responsible for the largest part of the Flemish energy consumption. Mainly as a result of a strong increase in activity in the first years of the 1990s, industrial energy consumption increased significantly (+64 % between 1990 and 2000).
In 2009, total industrial energy consumption decreased by 12 % with respect to 2008 as a result of the reduced activity due to the financial-economic crisis (gross value added -9 %). In 2010 and 2011, the economy recovered again, resulting in an increase in energy consumption in nearly all industrial subsectors. For the total industry, the increase in the total energy consumption amounted to 15 % between 2009 and 2011, while the gross value added increased by 5 % in that period.
In 2011, the total industrial energy consumption was still well over 4 % higher than in 2000. This is caused by increasing non-energetic energy consumption (+21 % between 2000 and 2011). Non- energetic energy consumption is found mostly in chemicals, which uses energy sources as raw material for various processes (for example, natural gas for the production of ammonia in synthetic fertiliser production, naphtha as the basis for plastics). This non-energetic energy consumption represented 43 % of the total industrial energy consumption in 2011.
Energetic energy consumption, in contrast, decreased by almost 6 % in the period 2000-2011, whereas the industrial activity increased (gross value added +10 %). This is indicative of a higher energy efficiency in the various industrial combustion processes.