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Nuisance

Inhabitants often suffer nuisance by noise, odour and light in the densely populated and industrialised Flanders. Nuisance is an unpleasant sensory feeling with both an objective and subjective character. Contrary to other environmental pollution of which man is not immediately aware, nuisance is immediately noticeable. This causes a damage to our mental and physical quality of life.

Noise significantly threatens the quality of life. Transport is a major source of noise nuisance. Changing lifestyles have an impact on nuisance from recreational and neighbourhood noise, two not insignificant contributions. Noise can result in disrupted sleep, stress and even heart and arterial disease.

Odour starts with the emission of volatile compounds that disperse in the air and are sense by the human nose. Stink occurs when the sensing of odours is experienced as a nuisance. The level of nuisance is determined by the frequency, duration, intensity and nature of the odour, due to the variability in time of the concentration of the odour and due to the context and socio-psychological factors. Odour nuisance may even result e.g. in headache, stress and nausea.
Light nuisance is the nuisance caused by artificial light, as direct blinding, as a disrupting factor in the execution of evening or night-time activities or as a source of discomfort. Astronomers are disturbed by this amongst others. Animals are also sensitive to light nuisance: it fragments and influence their habitat and disrupts their biorhythm. Few to no detrimental effects have been observed for plants with the exception of frost damage due to keeping the leaves for longer in the autumn. Light pollution is the increased clarity in the night-time environment due to excessive and wasteful use of artificial light. The large number of lit roads and the lighting in greenhouse farming are known sources of light nuisance and light pollution.

 

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DPSI-R (de verstoringsketen)

De verstoringsketen is een veelgebruikt analysekader in de internationale milieurapportering. De keten schematiseert de oorzaken tot en met de gevolgen van de milieuproblemen.

Schakel 1 Driving forces (Maatschappelijke activiteiten) de onderliggende oorzaken van de milieuproblemen (productie, consumptie, transport, recreatie, enz.)
Schakel 2 Pressure (Druk) de directe oorzaken van de verstoringen brongebruik (energie, water, ruimte, grondstoffen) emissies (lozingen naar lucht, water en bodem, afval)
Schakel 3 State (Toestand) de resulterende toestand in lucht, water en bodem
Schakel 4 Impact (Impact) een inschatting van de negatieve gevolgen van de milieukwaliteit voor mens, natuur en economie
Schakel 5 Response (Respons) het (beleids)antwoord op deze verstoringen

Indicators



DPSIR-chain

The DPSI-R chain is a frequently used analysis framework in international environmental reporting. The DPSI-R chain outlines the causes to the impacts of environmental problems.

Link 1 Driving forces the underlying causes of environmental problems (production, consumption, transportation, recreation, etc.)
Link 2 Pressure the direct causes of the disturbances from resource use (energy, water, space, materials) and emissions (discharges to air, water and soil, waste)
Link 3 State the resulting state in air, water and soil
Link 4 Impact an estimate of the negative effects of the environmental quality for man, nature and economy
Link 5 Response the (policy) response to these disturbances

Indicatoren

positieve evolutie Positieve evolutie, met de doelstelling binnen bereik, of gunstige toestand.
onduidelijke evolutie Geen of beperkte evolutie, maar onvoldoende om de doelstelling te bereiken, of neutrale toestand.
negatieve evolutie Negatieve evolutie, verder weg van de doelstelling, of ongunstige toestand.
onvoldoende informatie beschikbaar Onvoldoende informatie.
De toekenning van smileys is geen exacte wetenschap maar veeleer een expertoordeel. Het 'oormerken' van indicatoren houdt onmiskenbaar het gevaar in van te sterke vereenvoudiging. Daarom wil de smiley de lezer vooral aanzetten om de bijhorende indicatorbeschrijving te lezen.

Indicatoren

positieve evolutie Positieve evolutie, met de doelstelling binnen bereik, of gunstige toestand.
onduidelijke evolutie Geen of beperkte evolutie, maar onvoldoende om de doelstelling te bereiken, of neutrale toestand.
negatieve evolutie Negatieve evolutie, verder weg van de doelstelling, of ongunstige toestand.
onvoldoende informatie beschikbaar Onvoldoende informatie.
De toekenning van smileys is geen exacte wetenschap maar veeleer een expertoordeel. Het 'oormerken' van indicatoren houdt onmiskenbaar het gevaar in van te sterke vereenvoudiging. Daarom wil de smiley de lezer vooral aanzetten om de bijhorende indicatorbeschrijving te lezen.